CV vs Resume: Synonyms or two different documents?

Are CVs and CVs the same thing? Or are these different concepts and then in what specific cases do you need to use each of them? In this article we will consider these two concepts. We will figure out in which cases this or that document is suitable and in their differences so that you can use the correct document according to the situation.

However, when it comes to the labor market, for example, the USA or Canada, the concepts of resume and CV do have significant differences and each has its own function.

In this article we will use both terms, but in the context of their differences that exist in some countries. Therefore, if you are accustomed to identifying these two concepts – keep this in mind.

Now let’s find out what CV and resume are, what is common between them and how they differ.

What is a CV?

Based on the terminology of regions where CVs and resumes are different concepts, CVs describe the history of their higher education and academic activities, supplementing information with facts about published works, awards and merits.

The CV format is most often used by scientists to describe their career history.

CVs also describe work experience in chronological order. They pay attention to each item, describing as much as possible all the details of their previous professional activities. And although a CV can be created for each profession, most often this format is used by journalists, medical specialists, scientists, etc. for a detailed description of their entire professional path: training, practice, internships, scientific papers, publications and achievements.

There is no specific amount of CV. A person with many years of experience and a large number of published works may have a CV, which can reach even five or more pages.

CV will not have to be adapted for each vacancy. The only thing that needs to be written specifically for each vacancy in this case is a cover letter. With it, you are motivated to obtain a position and interest in the company.

What is a resume?

You are using a resume to provide a brief summary of your work experience, skills, achievements and education.

A resume is needed to provide the recruiter and employer with a general idea of ​​your work experience.

Depending on which resume format you choose, you will describe information about work experience in reverse chronological order, that is, from the most extreme to the first place of work. And if the work experience is small or absent, you will write about your education, practice and internships.

In addition to the section on work experience, a resume consists of many other important sections that describe basic information about you.

When compiling a resume, adapt the information about yourself for each specific position that you are applying for. Remember, a good resume is no more than 2 pages long. Looking for ideas on how to draw up your document? Then use our online resume examples.

When do I need to use a resume and CV?

When applying for a vacancy, you can send both a resume and a CV. Both options will do. However, there are some clear differences between them that you need to know about, especially if you are looking for work in countries where these concepts are shared.

In CV, it is not customary to use highlighting, marking, oblique font, etc. In a resume, on the contrary, it is recommended to single out each achievement in a certain position, emphasize the abilities that helped to achieve success in a particular job. Another distinguishing feature of CV is the use of first-person personal pronouns when transferring responsibilities.

Also, CV should not indicate personal information: marital status, nationality, height, weight, etc. Often job seekers in CVs and resumes mention their interests and hobbies. Such a section is permissible, but remember that no matter how good a football player you are, it is unlikely to help you get work in the non-football sphere.

If you set a goal to create a resume, start with a brief description of professional qualities. Then go to your work experience. Unlike CVs, you are not required to follow a chronological order. You can start by describing the current job, especially if it is relevant to the job.

Do not forget that a resume does not imply just a listing of previously performed duties, but indicates specific achievements, results of previous work activities.

Still not sure which document to send to the vacancy? Recruiters almost always indicate in vacancies the format of the document that they expect to receive from the candidate.

  • To work in academia, especially as a researcher, assistant teacher, or teacher at a university or college, you can attach a CV.
  • In other cases, most often a short resume is used with the most basic and relevant information for the vacancy.

If the choice is still not entirely obvious, it is convenient to have 2 ready-made documents at once. You can always start by sending a short resume, and if you are asked for a more advanced version, it does not hurt to prepare a CV.

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